For our list of individuals and entities involved in the Ukraine investigation or mentioned in related news coverage, click here.
The investigation into the Trump administration’s contacts with Ukraine and the House’s ongoing impeachment inquiry have involved a number of names, from those of U.S. government officials and Ukrainian oligarchs to, of course, Rudy Giuliani, the president’s lawyer. On this page, you can find a list of officials, private citizens and entities that have been mentioned in news reports or show up in released documents related to the Ukraine investigation.
Many of the figures on the list are also included in the more than 80 Freedom of Information Act requests we have filed in our investigation of the administration’s efforts to get foreign governments to interfere in the 2020 election. American Oversight has sued on a number of these FOIA requests, including three lawsuits against the State Department as well as lawsuits against the Office of Management and Budget and the Departments of Energy, Justice and Defense. We’ve also combed through the thousands of pages of public records that we have obtained to find instances in which any of those names have turned up in agency calendars or communications. Those documents are listed below, along with links to the relevant meetings, calls, etc.
For a complete list of all the documents we have received in our investigation of the Trump administration’s contacts with Ukraine, click here. You can read more about that investigation here. This page will be updated.
American Oversight has obtained calendars from the Departments of Commerce, Energy, State and the Treasury that include names of individuals or entities referred to in news reports or congressional documents. Links to the full sets of documents are below, along with details of what we have so far found. For more information, names are linked to the list at the bottom of the page.
After a court order, the State Department released a set of documents on Nov. 22, 2019, in response to American Oversight’s FOIA litigation for Ukraine-related records. These include calls between Rudy Giuliani and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, including White House involvement.
More documents were released in that lawsuit on Jan. 20, 2020. They include several heavily redacted emails as well as letters regarding the House impeachment inquiry.
Another State Department lawsuit in our impeachment investigation yielded a production of calendars and text messages of former special envoy to Ukraine Kurt Volker.
These calendars, received in response to our FOIA request for calendars for Chief of Staff Margaret Peterlin and other senior officials, span January 2017 to April 2018 and include extensive calendar entries for former Secretary Rex Tillerson.
American Oversight also received the calendars of former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley, from January 2017 through March 2018.
These calendars include those of Secretary Rick Perry, Deputy Chief of Staff Dan Wilmot and Chief of Staff Brian McCormack. They range from January 2017 through December 2017.
Additional calendars for Secretary Perry and Deputy Secretary Dan Brouillette go up to February 2018.
Here are Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin’s calendars from February 2017 through January 2018.
These Commerce calendars came in response to American Oversight’s request for communications between high-ranking agency officials and certain members of the National Security Council. We also received 2017 calendars for senior adviser and acting undersecretary for international trade Israel Hernandez.
In our lawsuit against the Office of Management and Budget and the Defense Department, we obtained five pages of Defense records. The documents contain emails from August through October 2019 sent by Sec. Esper, Mike Duffey, and David Norquist.
Below are the names of officials, private citizens and entities that have been mentioned in news reports related to the Ukraine investigation, or in documents American Oversight has obtained. We have separated them into three categories: U.S. government officials; private citizens and entities; and foreign officials.
A State Department official who testified before House investigators that senior White House officials blocked State Department officials from issuing a statement condemning the November 2018 seizure of Ukrainian ships by Russia. Anderson also described Giuliani’s involvement in Ukraine policy.
The son of former Vice President Joe Biden. Trump allies pressured Ukrainian officials to investigate Hunter Biden and the Ukrainian company he worked for, Burisma.
A senior adviser to Acting Chief of Staff Mulvaney, who was on the line for Trump’s July 25 call with Zelensky.
Trump’s former national security adviser. According to Fiona Hill’s testimony, Bolton objected to Giuliani’s involvement in Ukraine policy, and told Hill to notify White House lawyers about the plan to pressure Ukraine to open an investigation.
The former Florida attorney general on Trump’s impeachment legal team who has been pictured with Lev Parnas.
Brechbuhl, T. Ulrich
A senior State Department official and close adviser to Secretary Pompeo who, according to the whistleblower complaint, listened in on Trump’s July 25 call with Zelensky.
An Energy Department adviser who worked in international affairs in Perry’s office.
The undersecretary of state for management and longtime ally of Secretary Pompeo. Michael McKinley told House investigators that he had raised concerns about Yovanovitch’s treatment with Bulatao and others.
White House counsel and one of Trump’s impeachment lawyers for the Senate trial.
The deputy assistant secretary of defense, who told House investigators that Trump directed the freezing of military aid for Ukraine via the Office of Management and Budget, and that she had raised concerns about the freeze.
A State Department official who worked on Ukraine issues for the National Security Council. During her congressional testimony, Croft described Trump’s pessimistic views on Ukraine and a call she received from Robert Livingston about the recall of Amb. Yovanovitch.
The Department of Commerce’s general counsel.
The Office of Management and Budget’s associate director for national security programs who was reportedly given the authority by the White House to put a hold on the congressionally appropriated aid to Ukraine.
The U.S. Attorney in Connecticut who was tasked by the Justice Department with investigating the origins of the U.S. counterintelligence probe of 2016 Trump campaign contacts with Russia. Durham has traveled with Attorney General Barr to Italy to meet with Italian officials about the investigation.
A White House lawyer and deputy to John Eisenberg.
A White House lawyer and National Security Council legal adviser who reportedly ordered that a transcript of Trump’s July 25 call with Zelensky be moved to a more secure server. Both Fiona Hill and Andrew Vindman had reported their concerns to Eisenberg.
A National Security Council energy adviser who helped establish coal contracts in Ukraine and was reportedly present when Fiona Hill voiced her concerns about the effort to pressure Ukraine to investigate the Bidens.
The under secretary for political affairs at the State Department. George Kent, according to his congressional testimony, had told Hale of his concerns about the campaign against Amb. Yovanovitch. Hale was also included on an email from Michael McKinley in which McKinley suggested that the department issue a statement of support for Amb. Yovanovitch.
The former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations from 2017 to 2018.
A top aide to Rep. Devin Nunes who communicated extensively about Ukraine aid and Marie Yovanovitch with Lev Parnas.
The senior adviser and acting undersecretary for international trade at the Commerce Department.
Former special assistant to the president and senior director for European and Russian Affairs on the National Security Council. Hill testified to Congress that she had been alarmed by Rudy Giuliani’s role in U.S. policy toward Ukraine.
A political counselor at the Kyiv embassy, whom Bill Taylor said in his testimony had overheard a July 26 call between Trump and Amb. Sondland about the need for Ukraine to pursue “investigations.”
The U.S. special envoy for Iran and former State Department director of policy planning under Tillerson. Hook is reportedly a close ally of Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner.
A U.S. embassy staffer in Kyiv who said she overheard a cellphone call between Trump and Amb. Sondland about the need for Ukraine to pursue “investigations,” the day after Trump’s July 25 call with President Zelensky.
The Republican senator from Wisconsin, who traveled to Ukraine as part of the delegation attending President Zelensky’s May 2019 inauguration. Johnson, a member of the Senate Ukraine Caucus, has also joined phone calls between Trump and Amb. Sondland.
Deputy assistant secretary at the State Department’s Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs.
The executive secretary in the secretary of state’s office, who was included on an email from Michael McKinley in which McKinley suggested that the department issue a statement of support for Amb. Yovanovitch.
The deputy assistant secretary of state for Ukraine, who told Congress that he was instructed to defer to Kurt Volker, Gordon Sondland, and Rick Perry on Ukraine-related matters. Kent had relayed his concerns to U.S. diplomat Philip Reeker, Under Secretary David Hale, and State Department counselor T. Ulrich Brechbuhl.
A former senior adviser to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo who resigned in October 2019 over frustration with how the State Department had been treating career diplomats. In testimony to Congress, he expressed concern over the allegations regarding the administration’s attempts to involve Ukraine in a politically motivated investigation.
Rick Perry’s former chief of staff at the Department of Energy.
The secretary of the Treasury.
A National Security Council official who stepped down the day before his congressional testimony. Morrison told House investigators that Fiona Hill had advised him to avoid Giuliani’s Ukraine policy, and that he was told that Trump wanted Ukraine to announce an investigation into his political rivals before aid to the country would be released.
Trump’s acting chief of staff who admitted to a “quid pro quo” during an October 2019 news conference. Mulvaney reportedly helped facilitate the creation of a separate channel for Ukraine policy outside the normal channels.
Deputy secretary of defense.
The ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee. Nunes reportedly received help arranging meetings in Europe from Lev Parnas in 2018. According to documents obtained by American Oversight, Nunes had a call with Secretary Pompeo on April 1, 2019.
A State Department spokesperson who was included on an email from Michael McKinley in which McKinley suggested that the department issue a statement of support for Amb. Yovanovitch.
The acting deputy chief of mission at the U.S. embassy in Kyiv.
The former secretary of energy.
Former chief of staff to former Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.
The secretary of state.
The acting assistant secretary of European and Eurasion affairs, to whom George Kent relayed his concerns about the creation of a separate channel for Ukraine policy. Reeker was also included on an email from Michael McKinley in which McKinley suggested that the department issue a statement of support for Amb. Yovanovitch.
The secretary of commerce.
The deputy associate director for national security at the Office of Management and Budget.
The former U.S. representative for Texas’ 32nd District, Sessions met with Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman in May 2018 during their push to have Ambassador Yovanovitch dismissed. After the meeting, Sessions sent a private letter to Secretary Pompeo urging Yovanovitch’s firing.
The U.S. ambassador to the European Union. Prior to assuming his post, businessman Sondland was a major Republican donor who gave $1 million to Trump’s inaugural committee.
The deputy secretary of state since 2017.
A career diplomat who ran the U.S. embassy in Ukraine after Ambassador Yovanovitch was recalled. In text messages released by Congress, shared by Kurt Volker, Taylor said to Ambassador Sondland, “I think it’s crazy to withhold security assistance for help with a political campaign.”
The former secretary of state.
The son of Trump supporter and private attorney Victoria Toensing, who is a senior counsel in the Office of Legal Policy at the Justice Department.
A lieutenant colonel and top Ukraine expert on the National Security Council who was on Trump’s July phone call with Zelenksy. Vindman testified that he had reported his concerns about the call to a superior, and that he had attended a July 10 meeting that included Secretary Perry in which Amb. Sondland requested that Ukrainian officials investigate the Bidens and Burisma.
The former U.S. special representative for Ukraine negotiations. Volker helped Giuliani arrange a meeting with a top aide to President Zelensky, and provided text messages to Congress that showed the president’s efforts to get Ukraine to investigate his political rivals in exchange for the release of military aid and a Zelensky White House meeting.
The acting director of the Office of Management and Budget who said that he and Michael Duffey would not comply with congressional requests.
The former director of Oval Office operations, who, according to documents obtained by American Oversight, helped put Rudy Giuliani in touch with Secretary Pompeo.
A senior adviser on Vice President Pence’s national security team. Williams was listening to the July 25 call between Trump and Zelensky.
The deputy chief of staff at the Department of Energy
The former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine. Yovanovitch, a career diplomat, said that her May 2019 recall from her post was due to the efforts of the president, Rudy Giuliani, and Giuliani’s allies.
The finance director of the pro-Trump super PAC America First Action. Documents released by the House in January 2020, which had been turned over by Lev Parnas, show Parnas working with Ahearn to promote anti-Yovanovitch media coverage.
Republican Party donor and business associate of Rudy Giuliani who is the finance co-chair of Trump’s re-election campaign. Bailey also served as the campaign chair for Rep. Pete Sessions. Described as a business partner of Rudy Giuliani and CEO of Giuliani Deason Capital Interests LLC, Bailey also reported lobbying for Intrexon Corp. on “alternative uses for natural gas.”
A former Trump campaign aide who owns the 45 Group, a company that was reportedly paid $425,000 by a foreign company to build U.S. support for an energy project in Uzbekistan, enlisting one of Rudy Giuliani’s consulting companies in the process. Baumgardner also worked on Giuliani’s 2008 presidential campaign.
A Texas energy investor whom Secretary Rick Perry had reportedly wanted to install on the supervisory board of Naftogaz.
A Ukrainian-born investor based in Houston. Bleyzer is the CEO of SigmaBleyzer, and appears multiple times in the Energy Department calendars of Rick Perry. He has donated to multiple Republican election campaigns, including Giuliani’s presidential campaign and Perry’s gubernatorial inauguration fund. Perry had reportedly put Bleyzer on a list of potential advisers to join the supervisory board of Naftogaz, and Bleyzer reportedly joined Perry for a U.S. delegation to Ukraine in May 2019.
A former U.S. attorney who tried to get U.S. federal law enforcement to investigate the Bidens and alleged Ukraine corruption in 2018.
The former lawyer for Dmitry Firtash in the U.S., who was replaced by Victoria Toensing and Joseph diGenova.
A lawyer on Trump’s impeachment defense team.
An attorney and Trump supporter who frequently appears on Fox News. He is married to Victoria Toensing. DiGenova and Toensing also represent Dmitry Firtash, and had worked with Rudy Giuliani “off the books” to dig up dirt on Joe Biden.
The attorney representing Lev Parnas, who was once part of Trump’s legal team. Dowd formerly represented Igor Fruman as well.
A former fundraiser for Rick Perry who runs New York-based nonprofit that received a donation from Igor Fruman and Lev Parnas in 2018.
An associate of Rudy Giuliani. He and Lev Parnas were arrested on campaign-finance violation charges while attempting to leave the country. According to John Dowd, Fruman and Parnas both helped Giuliani in his work for Trump and were represented by Giuliani in their own work. And both Fruman and Parnas worked for Joseph diGenova and Victoria Toensing as well.
Trump personal attorney who has been at the center of the president’s efforts to pressure Ukraine to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden and son Hunter Biden.
Hicks, Thomas Jr.
The co-chair of the Republican National Committee and friend of Trump, Hicks has shown up in pictures with Lev Parnas, and his texts with Lev Parnas regarding Amb. Yovanovitch were included in documents released by the House in January 2020.
A Trump donor who had been assisting Lev Parnas in Ukraine. Document released by the House in January 2020 show messages from Hyde that suggest Marie Yovanovitch was being surveilled.
U.S. company represented by Roy Bailey during lobbying efforts at the Department of Energy.
Kislin, Semyon (Sam)
A Ukrainian-American businessman and Giuliani associate, known as Giuliani’s “Ukraine advisor.”
A lobbyist and former Republican congressman who, according to Catherine Croft, called her multiple times to push for the firing of Amb. Yovanovitch.
An associate of Rudy Giuliani. He and Igor Fruman were arrested on campaign-finance violation charges while attempting to leave the country. According to John Dowd, Parnas and Fruman both helped Giuliani in his work for Trump and were represented by Giuliani in their own work. And both Parnas and Fruman worked for Joseph diGenova and Victoria Toensing as well.
The managing partner of Energy Resources of Ukraine and former business partner of Andrew Favorov. Dale Perry sent a memo to the State Department about the meeting in which Parnas, Fruman and Sargeant had approached Andrew Favorov.
An outside adviser to Trump on China who works at the conservative Hudson Institute. In October 2019, Pillsbury told Fox Business Network that he had asked Chinese officials questions about Hunter Biden.
The co-founder and president of TriGlobal Strategic Ventures, a firm that worked with Rudy Giuliani. Pruss reportedly helped connect Giuliani to many of the Ukrainian individuals mentioned in House subpoenas, and Pruss himself is included in those requests.
Sargeant, Harry III
A major Republican campaign donor and Florida oil magnate. Sargeant reportedly approached Naftogaz executive Andrew Favorov along with Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman about a Ukraine gas deal. Communications between Sargeant and Parnas regarding Amb. Yovanovitch were included in documents released by the House in January 2020.
One of Trump’s impeachment lawyers for the Senate trial.
An investment company founded by Ukrainian-American businessman Michael Bleyzer. SigmaBleyzer is heavily invested in Ukraine and Eastern Europe.
A conservative commentator who had published the interview with former Ukrainian prosecutor general Yuri Lutsenko in the Hill in March 2019 alleging that Yovanovitch had given him a do-not-prosecute list. Solomon also appears in communications with Lev Parnas, which were released by the House in January.
An attorney and Trump supporter who frequently appears on Fox News. She is married to Joseph diGenova. Toensing and diGenova also represent Dmitry Firtash, and had worked with Rudy Giuliani “off the books” to dig up dirt on Joe Biden.
The Ukrainian minister of Internal Affairs, who has asked the FBI to join its investigation of whether Marie Yovanovitch had been surveilled in the spring of 2019.
Acting chairman of the Security Service of Ukraine. The whistleblower complaint said that Giuliani had “reportedly privately reached out to a variety of other Zelensky advisers,” including Bakanov. Lev Parnas also communicated with Bakanov in May 2019, according to documents released by the House in January 2020.
President Zelensky’s chief of staff. The whistleblower complaint said that Giuliani had “reportedly privately reached out to a variety of other Zelensky advisers,” including Bohdan.
A Ukrainian natural gas company. Hunter Biden, the former vice president’s son, joined the company’s board in 2014.
A senior executive at Ukrainian state oil and gas company Naftogaz who was approached by Igor Fruman, Lev Parnas and Harry Sargeant III about a plan for importing U.S. natural gas into Ukraine and replacing Naftogaz CEO Kobolyev. Favorov said Parnas had told him about the plan to recall Ambassador Yovanovitch well before it happened.
Ukrainian oligarch, currently living in Vienna while fighting extradition to the U.S. for conspiracy charges. In 2019, Firtash hired Joe diGenova and Victoria Toensing, who hired Rudy Giuliani associate Lev Parnas as a translator. Firtash also reportedly worked to find dirt on the Bidens in an effort to secure Giuliani’s legal help.
A Ukriainian-Russian real-estate developer who once discussed with Trump plans to build a Trump building in Moscow and in 2017 hired Rudy Giuliani as an adviser for his hometown of Kharkiv. Fuks has claimed that he paid $200,000 for “VIP” tickets to Trump’s 2017 inauguration but never received them.
The mayor of Kyiv, who hired Rudy Giuliani’s consulting firm during his run for mayor and has met with Giuliani multiple times.
The CEO of Ukrainian state oil and gas company Naftogaz.
Ukrainian oligarch who said that Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman had pushed for him to arrange a meeting between Giuliani and President Zelensky. After Kolomoisky threatened to expose the effort, Giuliani attacked the oligarch on Twitter.
A former Ukrainian prosecutor general who succeeded Victor Shokin. Lutsenko has said that there was no evidence of wrongdoing by Joe or Hunter Biden. He resigned in 2019.
The state-owned oil and gas company of Ukraine, which is a major transporter of gas from Russia to Europe.
The former president of Ukraine, who served from 2014 to 2019.
An aide to President Zelensky, whom Lev Parnas communicated with in May 2019.
The former Ukrainian prosecutor general, Shokin was dismissed in March 2016. The president has made unsubstantiated claims that Joe Biden, as vice president, pushed for Shokin’s firing to prevent investigation of his son Hunter Biden or Burisma. During the July 25 call with President Zelensky, Trump said, “I heard you had a prosecutor who was very good and he was shut down and that’s really unfair.”
A former Ukrainian diplomat who has worked with Giuliani in his Ukraine efforts.
Ukraine’s permanent representative to the United Nations since 2015, previously ambassador to Russia.
A top adviser to President Zelensky whom Kurt Volker put in contact with Rudy Giuliani in the summer of 2019. Giuliani and Yermak eventually met in Spain after the July 25 Trump-Zelensky call.
The current president of Ukraine, who took office in May 2019.