Georgia’s Voting Machines and Election Security

From the influence of voting-machine company lobbyists to concerns about election vulnerability, American Oversight is investigating Georgia’s overhaul of its voting system.

In July 2019, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger announced that the state had awarded a $107 million contract to manufacturer Dominion Voting Systems to replace existing voting machines with a new “verified paper ballot system.” As reported by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, both Dominion and the state’s former elections company, Election Systems & Software, had connections with Gov. Brian Kemp’s administration. Dominion lobbyist Jared Thomas had been a longtime political and campaign aide to Kemp, who previously served as secretary of state, and another lobbyist, Barry Herron, had worked for Diebold Election Systems, which had originally sold Georgia its electronic voting machines.

Georgia voters had complained about malfunctioning voting machines after the November 2018 midterm elections, even filing a lawsuit aimed at overhauling the state’s election system, including the electronic machines. But critics worry that the new electronic ballot-printing devices from Dominion won’t be much better, contending that hand-marked paper ballots remain the most secure voting method. In fact, the new devices were given a test run in six Georgia counties during the November 2019 election, and ran into a number of issues. And records we’ve already obtained showed that voter check-in devices used “1234” as their default password — an “exceptionally weak security measure.” (State officials have said the passwords have been changed.)

Elsewhere in the state, voters reported long lines and ballot issues, and concerns remain about the hidden costs of the new voting system, the state’s planned purge of 300,000 names from its voter rolls, and security weaknesses in voting equipment. With the 2020 elections looming and the security of U.S. voting systems less than certain, American Oversight is investigating state officials’ communications with Dominion Voting Systems and its subcontractor KnowInk, and is requesting records that could shed light on how the state is working to ensure secure and accurate elections.

Related Documents

October 23, 2020

Georgia Secretary of State Records of Kemp’s Emails During the 2018 Midterm Elections

Georgia Secretary of State
Agency Record
October 23, 2020

Georgia Secretary of State Communications Regarding ERIC

Georgia Secretary of State
Agency Record
September 21, 2020

No Records Response from Ga. Secretary of State Regarding Communications About Election Administration Bill

Georgia Secretary of State
Agency Reply
August 21, 2020

FOIA to Multiple Agencies Seeking Records and Data Regarding Georgia Polling Places

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
June 30, 2020

Fulton County, Georgia, Communications with Voting Machine Vendors KnowInk and Dominion Voting

Georgia - Fulton County
Agency Record
June 30, 2020

Fulton County, Georgia, Communications with State Officials in Early June 2020

Georgia - Fulton County
Agency Record
June 16, 2020

No Records Response from Gwinnett County, Ga., Regarding Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia - Gwinnett County
Agency Reply
June 15, 2020

Cobb County, Georgia, Election-Related Communications with State Officials in Early June 2020

Georgia - Cobb County
Agency Record
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to the Ga. Secretary of State Seeking Sent Communications in Early June 2020

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to the Ga. Secretary of State Seeking Directives Regarding 2020 Primary Election

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Cobb County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with State Officials in Early June 2020

Georgia - Cobb County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to DeKalb County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with State Officials in Early June 2020

Georgia - DeKalb County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Fulton County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with State Officials in Early June 2020

Georgia - Fulton County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Gwinnett County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with State Officials in Early June 2020

Georgia - Gwinnett County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Cobb County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Voting Machine Vendors KnowInk and Dominion Voting

Georgia - Cobb County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to DeKalb County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Voting Machine Vendors KnowInk and Dominion Voting

Georgia - DeKalb County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Fulton County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Voting Machine Vendors KnowInk and Dominion Voting

Georgia - Fulton County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Gwinnett County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Voting Machine Vendors KnowInk and Dominion Voting

Georgia - Gwinnett County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to the Ga. Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Voting Machine Vendors KnowInk and Dominion Voting

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Cobb County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia - Cobb County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to DeKalb County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia - DeKalb County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Fulton County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia - Fulton County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to Gwinnett County, Georgia, Seeking Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia - Gwinnett County
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request Ga. Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
June 11, 2020

Open Records Request to the Ga. Governor Seeking Sent Communications in Early June 2020

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
May 23, 2020

Bartow, Georgia, Records Regarding Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Bartow County
Agency Record
May 19, 2020

Open Records Request to Georgia Secretary of State for Records About a Special-Called State Election Board Meeting

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
May 19, 2020

Open Records Request to Georgia Department of Administrative Services for Records About a Special-Called State Election Board Meeting

Georgia Department of Administrative Services
FOIA Request
May 14, 2020

Gwinnett County, Georgia, Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Agency Record
May 5, 2020

Cobb County, Georgia, Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Georgia - Cobb County
Agency Record
May 1, 2020

Albany-Dougherty County, Ga., Records Related to Election Staff Reduction

Georgia - Albany-Dougherty County
Agency Record
May 1, 2020

Open Records Request to Troup County, Georgia, for Elections Supervisor 2010-2018 Emails about Misprinted Ballot Address

Georgia - Troup County
FOIA Request
May 1, 2020

Open Records Request to Troup County, Georgia, for Elections Supervisor 2019 Communications about Misprinted Ballot Address

Georgia - Troup County
FOIA Request
May 1, 2020

Open Records Request to Troup County, Georgia, for Misprinted Ballot Address Communications with USPS Officials

Georgia - Troup County
FOIA Request
May 1, 2020

ORR to Georgia SOS for Communications with the USPS Regarding Misprinted Ballot Return Addresses

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
May 1, 2020

Open Records Request to Georgia SOS for Additional Voting Machine Contracts

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
May 1, 2020

Open Records Request to Georgia DAS for Additional Voting Machine Contracts

Georgia Department of Administrative Services
FOIA Request
May 1, 2020

No Records Response from the Georgia Department of Administrative Services Regarding Contracts for New Voting Equipment

Georgia Department of Administrative Services
Agency Reply
April 24, 2020

Open Records Request to the Georgia Secretary of State for Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
April 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Fulton County, Georgia, for Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Georgia - Fulton County
FOIA Request
April 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Gwinnett County, Georgia, for Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Georgia - Gwinnett County
FOIA Request
April 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Cobb County, Georgia, for Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Georgia - Cobb County
FOIA Request
April 24, 2020

Open Records Request to DeKalb County, Georgia, for Records Regarding Election Signature Matching

Georgia - DeKalb County
FOIA Request
April 17, 2020

No Records Response from the Georgia Secretary of State Regarding the Requirement for Voters to Pay for Postage on Absentee Ballots

Georgia Secretary of State
Agency Reply
April 10, 2020

Gwinnett County, Georgia, Communications Regarding Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Gwinnett County
Agency Record
April 10, 2020

Fulton County, Georgia, Records Regarding Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Fulton County
Agency Record
March 30, 2020

No Records Response from the Georgia Secretary of State Regarding an Education Initiative for a New Paper-Ballot System

Georgia Secretary of State
Agency Reply
March 26, 2020

Open Records Request to the Georgia Secretary of State for Communications Regarding 2018 Allegations of Election Hacking

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
March 26, 2020

Open Records Rquest to the Georgia Office of the Governor for Communications Regarding 2018 Allegations of Election Hacking

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
March 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Secretary of State for Records Concerning Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
March 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Cobb County, Georgia, for Records Concerning Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Cobb County
FOIA Request
March 24, 2020

Open Records Request to DeKalb County, Georgia, for Records Concerning Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - DeKalb County
FOIA Request
March 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Fulton County, Georgia, for Records Concerning Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Fulton County
FOIA Request
March 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Gwinnett County, Georgia, for Records Concerning Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Gwinnett County
FOIA Request
March 24, 2020

Open Records Request to Bartow, Georgia, for Records Concerning Public Voting Demonstrations

Georgia - Bartow County
FOIA Request
March 19, 2020

Jackson County, Georgia, Communications Regarding Polling Places

Georgia - Jackson County
Agency Record
March 12, 2020

ORR to the Office of the Georgia Secretary of State for Communications Regarding ERIC

FOIA Request
December 20, 2019

Bartow County, Georgia, Records of Emails, Incident Reports, and User Manuals Regarding Election System Operations

Georgia - Bartow County
Agency Record
December 4, 2019

Decatur County, Georgia, User Guide for Dominion Voting’s Election Equipment

Georgia - Decatur County
Agency Record
December 2, 2019

Open Records Request to Catoosa County in Georgia Regarding KnowInk Poll Pads

Georgia - Catoosa County
FOIA Request
November 18, 2019

Lowndes County, Georgia, Instructional Materials Regarding the KnowInk Poll Pad Electronic Poll Book

Georgia - Lowndes County
Agency Record
November 14, 2019

ORR to Georgia Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Dominion Voting Systems

FOIA Request
November 12, 2019

Open Records Request to Bartow County in Georgia Seeking Records Regarding KnowInk Poll Pads

Georgia - Bartow County
FOIA Request
November 12, 2019

Open Records Request to Carroll County in Georgia Seeking Records Regarding KnowInk Poll Pads

Georgia - Carroll County
FOIA Request
November 12, 2019

Open Records Request to Decatur County in Georgia Seeking Records Regarding KnowInk Poll Pads

Georgia - Decatur County
FOIA Request
November 12, 2019

Open Records Request to Lowndes County in Georgia Seeking Records Regarding KnowInk Poll Pads

Georgia - Lowndes County
FOIA Request
November 12, 2019

Open Records Request to Paulding County in Georgia Seeking Records Regarding KnowInk Poll Pads

Georgia - Paulding County
FOIA Request
November 4, 2019

NRR from the Georgia Secretary of State’s Office Regarding Communications About the 2018 Elections Server

Georgia Secretary of State
Agency Reply
October 23, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Secretary of State for Records Regarding Election Insecurity in Georgia

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
October 17, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Secretary of State’s Office for Communications with Voting Systems

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
October 17, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Governor’s Office for Communications with Dominion Voting Systems

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
October 15, 2019

ORR to Georgia Secretary of State’s office Seeking Communications Regarding the 2018 Elections Server

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 24, 2019

ORR to GA SOS Seeking Communications with Election Officials and Any Elections Systems and Software Contractors

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 24, 2019

ORR to GA SOS Seeking Records Identifying Election Systems & Software Contractors from 2018 and 2019

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 24, 2019

ORR to GA SOS Seeking Records Reflecting Contracts and Payments to Election Systems & Software from 2015 Through 2019

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 10, 2019

ORR to GA GOV Seeking Communications with Voting Machine Company Lobbyists

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
September 10, 2019

ORR to GA SOS Seeking Communications between Former Secretary Kemp and Voting Machine Company Lobbyists

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 10, 2019

ORR to GA SOS Seeking Communications between Secretary Raffensperger and Dominion Voting Systems Lobbyists

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 10, 2019

ORR to GA SOS Seeking Raffensperger Communications with Dominion Voting Systems Lobbyist

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
August 19, 2019

ORR to GA’s Office of the Governor Seeking Communications between David Dove and ES&S

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request