Ivanka Trump’s and Jared Kushner’s Roles in the Administration

Ivanka Trump used personal email for government business on hundreds of occasions in 2017, a discovery sparked by American Oversight's FOIA requests and litigation. The president’s family is not above the law, and Congress should investigate Ms. Trump’s likely violations of records rules and potential mishandling of classified information. With her and her husband, Jared Kushner, occupying positions of power and influence within the White House, it is important for the public to understand how they are carrying out their duties and whether they are obeying the law.

Background

Ivanka Trump’s and Jared Kushner’s roles in the administration are highly unusual and have raised concerns about the violation of federal nepotism rules, the risk of disclosing classified information, as well as the wide policy portfolios they have been given despite a lack of expertise or background in those issues.

In January 2017, as Jared Kushner received approval from the Office of Government Ethics to allow him to work in the White House, it was initially reported that Ms. Trump would not take a formal role in the administration. After it was announced in late March 2017 that she would officially become a federal employee in the White House, American Oversight submitted FOIA requests seeking communications between Ivanka Trump and several federal agencies, eventually filing a lawsuit against the agencies for failure to respond.

In September 2017, documents released by American Oversight as well as independent news reports confirmed that both Mr. Kushner and Ms. Trump had been using personal, private email accounts during their time working in the White House. Reports also surfaced that they had set up a private server, ijkfamily.com, in December 2016 in preparation for Kushner to join the White House.

On November 19, 2018, the Washington Post reported that Ms. Trump used a personal account to send hundreds of emails to White House aides and cabinet officials — a fact that White House officials only learned of because of American Oversight’s record requests — in probable violation of the Presidential Records Act, which requires that all official White House communications be preserved.

Following the Washington Post report, American Oversight sent a letter demanding that Congress investigate Ms. Trump’s use of personal email and possible violations of the law, as well as risks to national security.

What We’re Seeking

  • Emails sent between Ivanka Trump and multiple federal agencies using non-governmental email accounts
  • Communications of multiple federal agencies with White House officials and Ivanka Trump’s private law firms regarding her use of personal email for official business
  • Emails sent between Jared Kushner and multiple federal agencies using non-governmental email accounts

Updates

American Oversight Sues Federal Agencies for Evidence of Jared Kushner Personal Email Use

November 21, 2018
American Oversight today sued six federal agencies to uncover the extent of Jared Kushner's use of personal email for official governmental business. The suit comes the same week as news broke that his wife, Ivanka Trump, used personal email to conduct White House business on hundreds of occasions in 2017 — which White House officials only discovered when a May 2017 lawsuit filed by American Oversight sparked an internal review. 

Watchdog Calls for Congressional Investigation of Ivanka Trump’s Private Email Server

November 20, 2018
Less than a day after the Washington Post published a report detailing Ivanka Trump's extensive use of personal email to conduct official government business, American Oversight called for a congressional investigation.

Ivanka Trump Email Investigation Sparked by American Oversight FOIAs

November 19, 2018
FOIA requests filed by American Oversight prompted the discovery by White House officials that Ivanka Trump, daughter of President Trump and a top adviser to the president, used personal email to communicate with federal agencies on hundreds of occasions, the Washington Post reported on November 19, 2018.
Show all updates

Related Documents

November 21, 2018

Complaint: American Oversight v. DOD, HHS, DOJ, DHS, State, and Treasury

Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of the Treasury
Litigation
November 20, 2018

FOIA to NARA Regarding Ivanka Trump’s Use of Personal Email and the Presidential Records Act

National Archives and Records Administration
FOIA Request
November 20, 2018

FOIA to DOJ Regarding Ivanka Trump’s Use of Personal Email and American Oversight’s Lawsuit Production Schedule

Department of Justice
FOIA Request
November 20, 2018

FOIA to Multiple Agencies Seeking Communications Regarding Ivanka Trump’s Use of Personal Email

Council on Environmental Quality, Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of the Treasury, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency, General Services Administration, Office of Management and Budget, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, Small Business Administration
FOIA Request
November 20, 2018

FOIA to DOJ Seeking Communications Regarding Ivanka Trump’s Use of Personal Email

Department of Justice
FOIA Request
November 20, 2018

FOIA to DOJ Regarding Ivanka Trump’s Use of Personal Email and American Oversight’s Lawsuit

Department of Justice
FOIA Request
November 20, 2018

Letter: Call for Congressional Investigation of Ivanka Trump Personal Email Use

Congress
June 5, 2018

FBI Response Regarding Request for Kushner’s Signature Pages

Federal Bureau of Investigation
Agency Reply
June 5, 2018

FBI Response Regarding Request for Kushner’s Most Recent SF-86

Federal Bureau of Investigation
Agency Reply
June 5, 2018

FBI Response Regarding Request for Correspondence With Kushner’s SF 86

Federal Bureau of Investigation
Agency Reply
May 30, 2018

Department of Education Emails with Ivanka Trump and Staff

Department of Education
Agency Record
February 23, 2018

FOIA to DOJ/FBI Regarding Kushner Clearance

Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation
FOIA Request
February 23, 2018

FOIA Seeking Kushner Security Clearance Signatures

Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation
FOIA Request
February 23, 2018

FOIA to DOJ/FBI Seeking Kushner’s Most Recent SF-86

Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation
FOIA Request
November 30, 2017

Commerce Department Ivanka Trump Emails

Department of Commerce
Agency Record
November 7, 2017

No Records Response From OMB Regarding Jared Kushner’s Emails

Office of Management and Budget
Agency Reply
November 2, 2017

No Records Response with OSTP Regarding Jared Kushner’s Emails

Office of Science and Technology Policy
Agency Reply
October 31, 2017

Treasury Department Ivanka Trump Emails

Department of the Treasury
Agency Record
October 31, 2017

Labor Department Ivanka Trump Staff Emails

Department of Labor
Agency Record
September 26, 2017

FOIA to State Regarding Kushner Emails

Department of State
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to Treasury Regarding Kushner Emails

Department of the Treasury
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to OSTP Regarding Kushner Emails

Office of Science and Technology Policy
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to Office of Management and Budget Regarding Kushner Emails

Office of Management and Budget
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to Health and Human Services Regarding Kushner Emails

Department of Health and Human Services
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to Department of Justice Regarding Kushner Emails

Department of Justice
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to Department of Defense Regarding Kushner Emails

Department of Defense
FOIA Request
September 26, 2017

FOIA to Department of Homeland Security Regarding Kushner Emails

Department of Homeland Security
FOIA Request
August 31, 2017

Labor Department Correspondence with Ivanka Trump Staff

Department of Labor
Agency Record
July 7, 2017

No Records Response From Commerce Regarding Ivanka Emails

Department of Commerce
Agency Reply
June 20, 2017

SBA Correspondence with Ivanka Trump

Small Business Administration
Agency Record
June 8, 2017

OPM No Responsive Records for FOIA Request about Ivanka Trump

Office of Personnel Management
Agency Reply
May 17, 2017

Complaint: American Oversight v. Department of Commerce et.al. – Ivanka Emails

Department of Commerce, Department of Education, Department of Labor, Department of the Treasury, Small Business Administration
Litigation
May 11, 2017

FOIA Request to OPM Vetting for Ivanka Trump

Office of Personnel Management
FOIA Request
March 31, 2017

FOIA Request to DOL Seeking Communications and Records of Meetings with Ivanka Trump

Department of Labor
FOIA Request
March 31, 2017

FOIA Request to Education Seeking Communications and Records of Meetings with Ivanka Trump

Department of Education
FOIA Request
March 31, 2017

FOIA Request to SBA Seeking Communications and Records of Meetings with Ivanka Trump

Small Business Administration
FOIA Request
March 31, 2017

FOIA to Commerce Seeking Communications and Records of Meetings with Ivanka Trump

Department of Commerce
FOIA Request
March 31, 2017

FOIA to Treasury Seeking Communications and Records of Meetings with Ivanka Trump

Department of the Treasury
FOIA Request