State Government Contacts with Voting-Restriction Activists

When state officials enact strict voter-ID laws or engineer intricately gerrymandered electoral maps or purge thousands of names from voter rolls, they’re not acting alone. Often, outside groups and activists have been working behind the scenes to promote measures designed to suppress the vote. American Oversight is investigating communications that members of the Florida, Georgia and Texas state governments — from elections officials to governors — have had with “voter fraud” activists and legislative lobbying groups that have been active across the country.

Corruption of all kinds is rampant in state governments, but the most systemic and insidious is the corruption of our democracy itself, specifically the wave of state laws that have made it harder for people to exercise the right to vote. The Supreme Court’s 2013 Shelby County v. Holder decision, which struck down the preclearance provision of the Voting Rights Act, has only made it easier for states to enact strict voter-ID laws, close polling locations, and remove names from voter rolls.

Heavily gerrymandered maps and suppressive laws have often been revealed to be purely partisan exercises — consider the files of deceased Republican strategist Thomas Hofeller, which detailed the redistricting motivations of a census citizenship question, or the public statements of proponents of North Carolina’s 2013 “monster” voting law. Voting restrictions have also received support — and instigation — from outside actors operating under the purported fear of voter fraud, despite evidence of any real threat from such fraud being nonexistent. 

Those voter-fraud activists and groups include well-known names like former Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach (who also co-chaired President Donald Trump’s now-defunct voter-fraud commission); the Heritage Foundation’s Hans von Spakovsky; and the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a conservative group that supplies state governments with draft model legislation. American Oversight has requested records of communications those and other activists have had with state officials in Florida, Georgia and Texas — all states with one-party control of government, and all having seen voter-suppression efforts in recent years — to learn whether and to what extent such outside entities are influencing state elections policy.

Related Documents

September 2, 2020

No Records Response from the Florida Governor Regarding Communications with Voting Restriction Activists

Florida Office of the Governor
Agency Reply
August 25, 2020

No Records Response from the New Hampshire Governor Regarding Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

New Hampshire Office of the Governor
Agency Reply
August 21, 2020

No Records Response from Arizona Attorney General Regarding Communications with True the Vote

Arizona Attorney General
Agency Reply
August 6, 2020

No Records Response from Nev. Secretary of State for Election Integrity Task Force Records

Agency Reply
August 3, 2020

Duval County, Fla., Records in Response to Request for Communications with Conservative Activists Anyone can search and view this document

Florida - Duval County
Agency Record
August 3, 2020

ORR to Georgia Governor Seeking Materials Related to Kemp’s February 2020 Meeting with Elections, LLC

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
August 3, 2020

Records Request for Arizona Attorney General Communications With External Parties

Arizona Attorney General
FOIA Request
August 3, 2020

Records Request for Arizona Attorney General Communications With True the Vote

Arizona Attorney General
FOIA Request
July 27, 2020

Dallas County, Texas, Records of Agency Communications with GOP and Voting-Restriction Activists

Texas - Dallas County
Agency Record
July 27, 2020

Requests to the Arizona Attorney General’s Office Seeking Sent Emails Concerning Poll Watching

Arizona Attorney General
FOIA Request
July 27, 2020

Requests to the Arizona Governor’s Office Seeking Sent Emails Concerning Poll Watching

Arizona Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 27, 2020

Records Request to Florida Attorney General’s Office Seeking Sent Emails Concerning Poll Watching

Florida Attorney General
FOIA Request
July 27, 2020

Records Request to Florida Department of State Seeking Sent Emails Concerning Poll Watching

Florida Department of State
FOIA Request
July 27, 2020

Records Request to Florida Governor’s Office Seeking Sent Emails Concerning Poll Watching

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 27, 2020

Request to the Wisconsin Elections Commission Seeking Sent Emails Concerning Poll Watching

Wisconsin Elections Commission
FOIA Request
July 23, 2020

Records Request to Dallas County, Tex., Seeking Communications with GOP and Voting-Restrictionist Groups

Texas - Dallas County
FOIA Request
July 22, 2020

Cameron County, Texas, Emails with GOP Groups and Voting-Restriction Advocates

Texas - Cameron County
Agency Record
July 21, 2020

Fla. Senate Email Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Florida Senate
Agency Record
July 20, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Rep. Phil King Regarding Communications with Voting-Restrictions Groups

Texas House of Representatives
Agency Reply
July 20, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Governor Regarding Communications with Voting-Restrictions Groups

Texas Office of the Governor
Agency Reply
July 16, 2020

No Records Response from Florida House Regarding Communications with Voting-Restrictions Groups

Florida House of Representatives
Agency Reply
July 15, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Senate Regarding Communications with Voting-Restrictions Groups

Texas Senate
Agency Reply
July 13, 2020

Arizona Attorney General Records of Communications with Republican Attorneys General Association

Arizona Attorney General
Agency Record
July 10, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Rep. G. Bonnen for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas House of Representatives
Agency Reply
July 7, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Rep. D. Bonnen for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas House of Representatives
Agency Reply
July 7, 2020

No Records Response from Ohio Legislators Regarding Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Agency Reply
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Governor for Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Texas Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Secretary of State for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas Secretary of State
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Senate Seeking Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Rep. King for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Rep. D. Bonnen for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Rep. G. Bonnen for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Information Request to Texas Rep. Klick for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to Nev. Secretary of State for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Nevada Secretary of State
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to the Ohio Governor for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to the Ohio Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio Secretary of State
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Sen. Obhof for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Sen. Peterson for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Sen. Huffman for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Sen. Hottinger for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Rep. Householder for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Rep. Butler for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Rep. Seitz for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Act Request to Ohio Rep. Edwards for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Ohio House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Sen. Berger for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Sen. Brown for Communications with Voting-RestrictionGroups

North Carolina Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Sen. Tillman for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Sen. Gunn for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina Senate
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Rep. Moore for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Rep. Stevens for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Rep. Bell for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to NC Rep. Hardister for Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 6, 2020

Public Records Request to the NH Governor Seeking Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

North Carolina House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to GA Governor Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to GA Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to the Fla. Governor Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to the Fla. Department of State Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Florida Department of State
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to the Fla. Senate Seeking Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Florida Senate
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to the Fla. House Seeking Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to the IA Governor Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Iowa Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 2, 2020

Public Records Request to the IA Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Iowa Secretary of State
FOIA Request
July 1, 2020

Leon County, Fla., Supervisor of Elections Response to Request for Communications with Voting-Restriction Activists

Florida - Leon County
Agency Record
July 1, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Attorney General Regarding Communications with Voting-Restriction Groups

Texas Attorney General
Agency Reply
June 23, 2020

Public Records Request to the N.H. Attorney General Regarding 2020 Elections Preparation

New Hampshire Attorney General
FOIA Request
June 23, 2020

Public Records Request to the N.H. Governor Regarding 2020 Elections Preparation

New Hampshire Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
June 23, 2020

Public Records Request to the N.H. Secretary of State Regarding 2020 Elections Preparation

New Hampshire Secretary of State
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Dallas County, Texas, Seeking Communications with GOP and Anti-Voting Groups

Texas - Dallas County
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Cameron County, Texas, Seeking Communications with GOP and Anti-Voting Groups

Texas - Cameron County
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Nueces County, Texas, Seeking Communications with GOP and Anti-Voting Groups

Texas - Nueces County
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Tarrant County, Texas, Seeking Communications with GOP and Anti-Voting Groups

Texas - Tarrant County
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Travis County, Texas, Seeking Communications with GOP and Anti-Voting Groups

Texas - Travis County
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Fort Bend County, Texas, Seeking Communications with GOP and Anti-Voting Groups

Texas - Fort Bend County
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Texas Attorney General Seeking Communications with GOP

Texas Attorney General
FOIA Request
June 22, 2020

Records Request to Texas Attorney General Seeking Communications with Anti-Voting Groups

Texas Attorney General
FOIA Request
June 15, 2020

No Records Response from Texas Rep. D. Bonnen Regarding Communications with National Republican Groups

Texas House of Representatives
Agency Reply
June 11, 2020

No Records Response from Cobb County, Georgia, Regarding Communications with Specific External Groups

Georgia - Cobb County
Agency Reply
June 6, 2020

Broward County, Fla., Supervisor of Elections Communications with External Groups

Florida - Broward County
Agency Record
April 20, 2020

Osceola County, Florida, Supervisor of Elections Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Osceola County
Agency Record
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Broward County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Broward County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Leon County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Leon County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Miami-Dade County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Miami-Dade County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Duval County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Duval County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Hendry County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Hendry County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Gadsden County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Gadsden County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Jackson County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Jackson County
FOIA Request
March 27, 2020

PRR to the Osceola County Supervisor of Elections Seeking Communications with Conservative Activists

Florida - Osceola County
FOIA Request
March 26, 2020

No Records Response from the Texas OAG Regarding Communications with Trey Trainor or Empower Texans

Texas Attorney General
Agency Reply
March 9, 2020

Miami-Dade County, Florida, Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Miami-Dade County
Agency Record
November 13, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Representative La Rosa Seeking Communications with Redistricting Operatives

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
November 13, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Representative Fischer Seeking Communications with Redistricting Operatives

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
November 13, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Representative Altman Seeking Communications with Redistricting Operatives

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Local Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Senate Seeking Communications with Local Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Florida Senate
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida House of Representatives Seeking Communications with Local Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Senate Seeking Communications with Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Florida Senate
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida House of Representatives Seeking Communications with Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Individuals Involved in Redistricting

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Secretary of State Seeking Communications Concerning Redistricting

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Governor’s Office Seeking Communications Concerning Redistricting

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
October 21, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia’s Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Law Firms Handling Redistricting Issues

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
September 4, 2019

PRR to Texas Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Election Activists

Texas Secretary of State
FOIA Request
September 4, 2019

PRR to Office of the Texas Governor Seeking Communications with Election Activists

Texas Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
September 4, 2019

Public Records Request to Texas Officials Seeking Communications with Election Activists

Texas Attorney General
FOIA Request
August 26, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida House of Representatives Asking for Records from a 2019 ALEC Conference

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
August 26, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Senate Seeking Records Reflecting Requests for Permission to Attend a 2019 ALEC Conference

Florida Senate
FOIA Request
August 26, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Senate Asking for Records from a 2019 ALEC Conference

Florida Senate
FOIA Request
May 9, 2019

Open Records Request to Dougherty County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Dougherty County
FOIA Request
April 26, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida House of Representatives Seeking Elections-Related Communications With Voter Fraud Activists

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
April 26, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida House of Representatives Seeking Communications Between Rep. James Grant and Voter Fraud Activists

Florida House of Representatives
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Open Records Request to Rockdale County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Rockdale County
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Public Information Request to Harris County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas - Harris County
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Public Information Request to Hidalgo County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas - Hidalgo County
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Public Information Request to Starr County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas - Starr County
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Public Information Request to Tarrant County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas - Tarrant County
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Public Information Request to Travis County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas - Travis County
FOIA Request
April 23, 2019

Public Information Request to Zavala County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas - Zavala County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Broward County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Broward County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Collier County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Collier County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Duval County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Duval County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Hardee County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Hardee Count
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Hendry County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Hendry County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Hillsborough County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Hillsborough County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Leon County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Leon County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Miami-Dade County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Miami-Dade County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Monroe County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Monroe County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Public Records Request to Palm Beach County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida - Palm Beach County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Clayton County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Clayton County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Cobb County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Cobb County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to DeKalb Count Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - DeKalb County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Fulton County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Fulton County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Gwinnett County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Gwinnett County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Hancock County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Hancock County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Jefferson County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Jefferson County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Macon-Bibb County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Macon-Bibb County
FOIA Request
April 22, 2019

Open Records Request to Randolph County Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia - Randolph County
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with ALEC

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Secretary of State Seeking Communications with ALEC

Florida Department of State
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Public Records Request to Florida Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Florida Department of State
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with ALEC

Georgia Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia Secretary of State Seeking Communications with ALEC

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Open Records Request to Georgia Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Georgia Secretary of State
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Public Information Request to Texas Governor’s Office Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
March 29, 2019

Public Information Request to Texas Secretary of State Seeking Communications with Voter Fraud Activists

Texas Secretary of State
FOIA Request