Chaos, Confusion and Obfuscation at DHS Around Family Separation

Family separation, one of the Trump administration’s harshest and most controversial policies, was carried out with a startling lack of planning, coordination, or oversight, even after officials spent months laying the groundwork for the policy. Part of Trump’s hallmark “zero tolerance” initiative, the policy formalized the separation of children from parents as a deliberately cruel measure to attempt to deter future migrants. Documents obtained by American Oversight provide further evidence of a staggering pattern of miscommunication and disorganization within the Department of Homeland Security at the same time officials were issuing misleading public statements about the administration’s policies.

American Oversight launched investigations into the policy’s origins and implementation, and to date has filed more than 120 public records requests to state and federal government agencies to shed light on this dark period in American history. On Tuesday, we published an extensive timeline of the administration’s communications about family separation, including both its public statements about the policy and internal discussions we uncovered through the Freedom of Information Act.

Documents from DHS as well as its component agencies, Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) reveal that family separations were executed with breakdowns in communication, even as the topic claimed an amount of attention at odds with the administration’s public statements downplaying the policy. High-ranking officials seemed unprepared to handle the policy’s impact. And throughout these documents, we see little concern for the children whom the administration tore from their parents. 

Poor Coordination and Unresolved Civil Rights Issues 

Early outlines for the implementation of this zero-tolerance policy show that family separation was executed with little coordination or care for the human consequences. Documents containing email threads from March 2017 show us that Kirstjen Nielsen, then DHS chief of staff, and her associates were unprepared for the response to the Reuters story that first reported that the administration was considering separating families. An individual whose name is redacted shared the article with Allen Blume, budget director at DHS, saying, “Allen – I would be truly grateful if you could tell me this isn’t being seriously considered.” Blume forwarded the email to Kevin McAleenan, then acting commissioner of CBP, who shared it with Nielsen. Nielsen replied, “Can we reach out to [redacted]? Also what is our TP [talking point] here? (And what is the inside story?)”

An undated memo titled “Information for Parents and Children,” which appears to have been written shortly after the April 2018 announcement of the zero-tolerance policy and was included in documents we received from DHS headquarters, said that “family units generally will not be permanently separated, information on the location and welfare of children in the custody of Department of Health and Human Services will be provided to parents, and communication between families will be facilitated.” In reality, some children were left in the custody of the Department of Health and Human Services while their parents were deported, and the federal government struggled to track children, who were now labeled “unaccompanied,” after they had been separated from their families. 

The memo also said, “Except in the case of exceptional circumstances, any department or agency of the Federal Government that has an unaccompanied alien child in custody … shall transfer the custody of such child to the Secretary of Health and Human Services not later than 72 hours after determining that such child is an unaccompanied alien child.” Congressional investigators later found that some children had been held in border facilities for up to a week, in potential violation of the Flores Settlement Agreement, which set standards for the detention and release of children in DHS custody.

High-ranking DHS officials — including current acting Secretary Chad Wolf — sometimes appeared unprepared for the tragic consequences of the family-separation policy. Tracy Short, principal legal adviser at ICE, sent an email to then-DHS Chief of Staff Wolf in June 2018 with a snippet from the Wikipedia page on the Ursula Central Processing Center, CBP’s largest detention center and the epicenter of family detention. Short asked Wolf if he wanted “more info” from CBP.

To make matters worse, the Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (CRCL) at DHS was seemingly left in the dark about the family-separation policy and the administration’s plans for safeguarding the rights of the children separated from their families. The documents show that on April 6, 2018 — the day then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the zero-tolerance policy — Deputy Officer for CRCL Veronica Venture reached out to Deputy Undersecretary James McCament to discuss the “over 1,000 complaints” of family separations that the office was handling. “As you may or may not be aware, CRCL has received an enormous volume of matters alleging inappropriate family separations and is preparing to issue recommendations on the topic,” Venture wrote, “but we are not clear on the Department’s broader perspective on family separation and whether a formal change in policy is likely.” 

American Oversight also submitted a FOIA request to DHS for the recommendations mentioned in that email. ICE responded saying it had “no responsive records,” suggesting that CRCL’s recommendations, if finalized, were at the very least not shared with ICE.

Despite the confusion around the family-separation policy, a January 2018 memo from CRCL shows that DHS was aware of the serious issues that emerged in early family separations. On Jan. 23, Dana Salvano-Dunn, a deputy officer at CRCL, sent Cameron Quinn, a CRCL officer, a “brief write-up regarding the forthcoming CRCL recommendation for a DHS/HHS family separation work group.” The memo was based on 27 of 950 “family separation matters” since 2016 that it had investigated. 

Some of the problems cited include: 

  • “a lack of clear family separation protocols” and “no uniform and clear understanding within CBP and ICE” regarding the legal rights of children in their custody; 
  • “significant inconsistency in … decisions and custody placements”;
  • “inconsistent, inaccurate, or no record-keeping for all arriving family members” in DHS systems;
  • “lack of coordinated, timely, and effective inter-agency coordination and information-sharing protocols”; 
  • “Problematic outcomes” such as “nursing mothers and infants separated,” “prolonged separations of parents and minor children,” “no contact or awareness of other family members’ locations,” and “difficulty” in reunification due to “detention placements/communication problems.”

In short, DHS knew that grievous problems existed even when family separations were happening at a smaller scale, and appears to have done nothing to fix these issues before the government started separating hundreds of children from their families.

The Administration’s Internal Discussions vs. Public Communications on Family Separation

Despite officials like former Secretary Nielsen repeatedly denying publicly that the Trump administration had an official family-separation policy, documents reveal that internally, officials were frequently discussing the subject along with specific instances of family separation. As early as March 7, 2017, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs Dimple Shah emailed then-Counselor to the Secretary Gene Hamilton asking to “discuss the ‘separating families’ issues raised at the morning huddle.”

On Dec. 11, 2017, just 5 days after Kirstjen Nielsen was sworn in as secretary, ICE Chief of Staff Thomas Blank emailed Debbie Seguin, program manager at ICE, and two others to report that Nielsen had asked ICE to draft decision memos on “separating Family Units and on vetting sponsors” for minors in the Unaccompanied Alien Children (UAC) program. “Neither of these are new and I believe [decision memos] have previously been drafted,” Blank wrote. In a follow-up email, he specified, “It would have been in the early September timeframe,” and later that day, staff found two memos from the Office of Policy — a “signed family separation memo” and a signed “UAC re-designation memo.” 

Emails show that family separation was also discussed as a potential “solution” to the so-called caravan of Central American migrants in March 2018. In an email discussion spurred by a message from the conservative anti-immigration Center for Immigration Studies to White House officials, Francis Cissna, then director of USCIS, said, “Unfortunately … it is likely most of these people will indeed be let into the U.S. after claiming credible fear and then being briefly detained in family centers.” 

USCIS Adviser Kaitlin Vogt Stoddard responded with “the main points of concern” that she said had been laid out by USCIS officials Jennifer Higgins and John Lafferty. Stoddard wrote that potential “solutions” included actions to terminate the Flores Settlement, adding, “The other option, which I know is the subject of discussion, is that DHS may detain only the parents throughout the removal process, placing the child with HHS for placement as a now unaccompanied child under TVPRA [Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act].” 

When Stoddard mentioned sending the Higgins and Lafferty analysis to the USCIS press shop, Cissna warned, “Don’t think we’d want to say the highlighted portion publicly” (it is unclear which portion he is referring to). These early conversations demonstrate that officials not only were aware of how controversial separating families would be; they also recognized that the separation of families was exactly what the new policy aimed to do.

As DHS began to split more families apart and as the situation became more dire, emails showed concern among top DHS officials not for the welfare of the children in their custody but for the public appearance of their actions. Documents from show that high-ranking officials were looped in to carefully plan for congressional tours of detention facilities. In one email from June 2018, former Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs Jonathan Hoffman discussed a Senate facility visit with Wolf and Assistant Secretary Christine Ciccone, saying, “Reuniting from the centers – if that happens frequently – would be another good area for the tour to focus on.”

Later in this document, in a thread with the subject line, “Stories,” DHS Deputy Chief of Staff Miles Taylor asked, “Do we have any more examples that we can provide to [Secretary Nielsen] of the types of instances where this separation has to happen?” Katie Waldman (now Miller), then DHS press secretary, replied with an anecdotal list of descriptions of people allegedly posing as families or using forged paperwork to gain entry. 

Our findings are not surprising, as they reflect the chaos and obfuscation we’ve come to expect from the Trump administration. This turmoil had lasting repercussions — including on the children in DHS custody. While such large-scale family separation may have officially ended, the administration’s cruelty toward immigrants has taken new forms like the Migrant Protection Protocols that forces asylum-seekers to wait in Mexico. We will continue to seek documents to create a historical record of the injustice faced by many migrant families.

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Department of Agriculture, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of the Treasury, Department of Veterans Affairs, Federal Reserve, Florida, Florida Agency for Health Care Administration, Florida Department of Health, Florida Division of Emergency Management, Florida Office of the Governor, Georgia - Tybee Island City, Georgia Department of Administrative Services, Georgia Department of Public Health, Georgia Office of the Governor, Georgia Secretary of State, Small Business Administration, Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs, Wisconsin Senate, Wisconsin State Assembly
April 10, 2020

News Roundup: Corruption and Coronavirus

Commerce - Census Bureau, Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of the Treasury, DHS - Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DHS - United States Secret Service, DOD - U.S. Department of the Navy, DOJ - Executive Office for Immigration Review, DOJ - Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, DOJ - Justice Management Division, DOJ - Office of Information Policy, DOJ - Office of Legal Counsel, HHS - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, HHS - Food and Drug Administration, HHS - Indian Health Service, Nevada Department of Administration, Nevada Department of Health and Human Services, Social Security Administration, U.S. Agency for International Development
April 3, 2020

News Roundup: Whose Stockpile, and Which States?

California Office of the Governor, Central Intelligence Agency, Commerce - Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of the Treasury, DHS - Federal Emergency Management Agency, Florida - Broward County, Florida - Duval County, Florida - Gadsden County, Florida - Hendry County, Florida - Jackson County, Florida - Leon County, Florida - Miami-Dade County, Florida - Osceola County, Florida Office of the Governor, HHS - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, HHS - Food and Drug Administration, HHS - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, New York Office of the Governor, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Ohio Office of the Governor, Oklahoma Department of Health, Oklahoma Office of the Governor, Texas Attorney General, Texas Office of the Governor, Washington - King County, Washington Office of the Governor, White House - Office of Management and Budget
March 27, 2020

News Roundup: Transparency and Oversight Are More Important Than Ever

Department of Commerce, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of the Treasury, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DOJ - Executive Office for Immigration Review, DOJ - Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, DOJ - National Security Division, DOJ - U.S. Marshals Service, Drug Enforcement Administration, Federal Election Commission, Florida Attorney General, Florida Department of State, Florida Office of the Governor, General Services Administration, Georgia - Bartow County, Georgia - Cobb County, Georgia - DeKalb County, Georgia - Fulton County, Georgia - Gwinnett County, Georgia Office of the Governor, Georgia Secretary of State, HHS - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of Personnel Management, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Tennessee Valley Authority, Texas Attorney General, Texas Office of the Governor, Texas Secretary of State, White House - Office of Management and Budget, White House - Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
March 20, 2020

News Roundup: Testing, Messaging and Missed Chances

Department of Commerce, Department of Justice, Department of the Treasury, DOJ - Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, Federal Communications Commission, Florida Attorney General, Georgia Attorney General, Nevada Department of Administration, Texas - Harris County, Texas Attorney General, White House - Office of Management and Budget, White House - Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
March 17, 2020

Floridians with Prior Felonies Need to Pay Fines Before Voting — But Documents Reveal the State Can’t Properly Track What They Owe

Florida - Hernando County, Florida - Hillsborough County, Florida - Leon County, Florida - Martin County, Florida - Okaloosa County, Florida Department of State
March 6, 2020

News Roundup: Rising Coronavirus Fears and Sinking Public Trust

Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of the Treasury, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, DHS - Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DOI - Bureau of Land Management, DOJ - Criminal Division, DOJ - Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, DOJ - Office of Information Policy, Federal Reserve, Georgia - Cobb County, Georgia - Gwinnett County, Georgia Bureau of Investigation, Georgia Department of Driver Services, Georgia Secretary of State, HHS - Administration for Children and Families, HHS - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, HHS - Food and Drug Administration, HHS - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, HHS - National Institutes of Health, Texas - Briscoe County, Texas - Freestone County, Texas - Hall County, Texas - Hill County, Texas - Hood County, Texas - Jones County, Texas - Kendall County, Texas - Lavaca County, Texas - Leon County, Texas - Limestone County, Texas - Loving County, Texas - Morris County, Texas - Scurry County, Texas - Starr County, Texas - Swisher County, Texas - Victoria County, Texas Secretary of State, U.S. Agency for International Development, VA - Veterans Health Administration, Washington - King County, Washington State Department of Health, White House - Office of Management and Budget, White House - Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
February 28, 2020

News Roundup: Launching Our Investigation of Trump’s Authoritarian Purges

Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State, DOD - National Security Agency, DOI - Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, DOJ - Federal Bureau of Investigation, Florida - Hillsborough County, Florida - Leon County, Florida Department of State, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of the Director of National Intelligence
February 26, 2020

New Lawsuit Seeks Information on Stephen Miller’s Involvement in Public Charge Rule

Department of Agriculture, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Labor, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services
February 21, 2020

News Roundup: The Post-Impeachment Purge and the Knock of Authoritarianism

Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of the Treasury, DHS - United States Secret Service, DOI - Fish and Wildlife Service, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, HHS - Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, White House - Office of Management and Budget
February 7, 2020

News Roundup: Acquittal Isn’t the End

Department of Energy, Department of Justice, Department of State, Florida Department of State, Georgia - Cobb County, Georgia - DeKalb County, Georgia - Fulton County, Georgia - Gwinnett County, Georgia Secretary of State, White House - Office of Management and Budget
January 31, 2020

News Roundup: Hear No Evil, See No Evil

Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State, DOJ - Executive Office for Immigration Review, DOJ - Federal Bureau of Prisons, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Texas - Harris County, Texas Office of the Governor
January 6, 2020

In the Documents: Stephen Miller’s Emails with Top ICE Official

DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement
December 27, 2019

American Oversight’s 2019 in Review: Nine Important Stories We Uncovered

December 20, 2019

News Roundup: Beyond Impeachment — The Investigations Continue

Congress, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of Transportation, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DOL - Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission, Federal Communications Commission, Government Accountability Office, HHS - Administration for Children and Families, HHS - Food and Drug Administration, White House - Office of Management and Budget
December 13, 2019

News Roundup: Stephen Miller’s Extremist Network

Congress, Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of the Treasury, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DOI - Bureau of Land Management, DOI - Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, Environmental Protection Agency, Georgia - Carroll County, Texas Attorney General, Treasury - Office of Foreign Assets Control, White House - Office of Management and Budget
December 6, 2019

News Roundup: Impeachment Report, Border Wall Contracts, and Pompeo’s Meeting with GOP Donors

Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State
November 15, 2019

News Roundup: Impeachment Inquiry Goes Public

Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, Department of State, Department of Veterans Affairs, Florida House of Representatives, Georgia - Bartow County, Georgia - Carroll County, Georgia - Decatur County, Georgia - Lowndes County, Georgia - Paulding County, Georgia Secretary of State, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Texas - Dallas County, Texas - Harris County, Texas - Travis County, White House - Council on Environmental Quality
November 13, 2019

American Oversight Sues DHS for Cuccinelli Records

Department of Homeland Security, DHS - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
November 8, 2019

News Roundup: Ukraine-Related Documents, Hurdles for Asylum-Seekers, and Chad Wolf’s Involvement in Family Separation

Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of the Interior, DOJ - Office of Information Policy, DOJ - Office of Legal Counsel, Environmental Protection Agency, Florida Office of the Governor, White House - Office of Management and Budget
October 11, 2019

News Roundup: Impeachment, Obstruction, and More Questions about Rick Perry

Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, HHS - Administration for Children and Families, HHS - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
October 9, 2019

Early Trump Administration — and McAleenan — Communications About Immigration Policy

Department of Homeland Security, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection
October 4, 2019

News Roundup: The Public Needs Answers

Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State
September 13, 2019

News Roundup: Photos of Detention Centers for Migrant Children; Stephen Miller’s Hand in Immigration Policy

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, Department of Agriculture, Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of State, Georgia Office of the Governor, Georgia Secretary of State, HHS - Administration for Children and Families, HHS Office of the Inspector General, Small Business Administration
September 8, 2019

Photos from Inside Detention Centers for Migrant Children

Department of Health and Human Services, HHS - Administration for Children and Families, HHS Office of the Inspector General
August 30, 2019

News Roundup: Remain in Mexico’s Harmful Effects and Trump’s Dangerous Impatience

Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of State, Department of the Interior, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DOI - U.S. Geological Survey, Environmental Protection Agency, Florida House of Representatives, Florida Senate, HHS - Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services
July 30, 2019

American Oversight Sues Justice Department over Brooklyn Jail’s Inhumane Winter Conditions

Department of Justice
July 19, 2019

News Roundup: Investigating the Fallout from Spring’s DHS Shakeup

Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of the Treasury, Department of Transportation, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Florida Office of the Governor, General Services Administration, Tennessee Valley Authority
June 27, 2019

The Department of Homeland Security Doesn’t Know Where Trump Got Those Immigration Numbers, Either

Department of Homeland Security, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection
June 18, 2019

Lawsuit Seeks Records to Shed Light on Deaths of Detainees in DHS Custody

Department of Homeland Security, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection
June 13, 2019

Documents Reveal New Information About 2017 CBP Media Efforts

DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection
May 24, 2019

News Roundup: Congressional Hearing Shows and No-Shows

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Justice, Department of State, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DOJ - Federal Bureau of Investigation, Florida - Taylor County
May 17, 2019

News Roundup: Investigating State-Level Threats to Democracy

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of State, Department of the Interior, Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency, Florida, Georgia, Texas
April 24, 2019

American Oversight and ACLU of Massachusetts Sue DHS for Border Security Plan

March 13, 2019

Two Years of American Oversight

February 15, 2019

News Roundup: Citizenship, the Census and the Constitution

Department of Commerce, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice
February 1, 2019

News Roundup: More Troops at the Border Means More Questions for the Administration

Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security
January 31, 2019

Lawsuit Seeks Emails of DOJ Official Involved in Controversial Civil Rights Decisions

Department of Justice
January 24, 2019

Checking Up on Trump’s Claims that Military Experts Told Him to Ban Transgender Troops

Department of Defense
January 18, 2019

News Roundup: Two Troubling Inspector General Reports

Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, General Services Administration
January 11, 2019

News Roundup: The Administration’s Misleading Claims About Terrorists at the Southern Border

Department of Homeland Security
December 27, 2018

Countdown to Oversight in 2019

December 12, 2018

Audit the Wall: No Plans, Funding or Timeline — And No Wall

Department of Homeland Security, Department of State, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection
December 5, 2018

American Oversight Sues Administration for Records of Family-Separation Policy

Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, DHS - Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS - U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DOJ - Executive Office for Immigration Review, HHS - Administration for Children and Families, HHS Office of the Inspector General
January 12, 2018

Justice Department Staffing Up For Its Ill-Conceived Affirmative Action Investigation

Department of Justice
January 2, 2018

New FOIAs Seek Records of Civil Rights Investigations at Department of Education

Department of Education
December 19, 2017

American Oversight Sues DOD to Uncover Truth Behind Trump’s Transgender Ban

Department of Defense
October 4, 2017

DOJ Confirms Harvard Affirmative Action Investigation

Department of Justice
September 7, 2017

DACA Announcement Reflects Lack of Seriousness About the Law

Department of Justice