The Pandemic’s Spread in Florida

As Covid-19 spread, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis opted for an open economy, opposed mask mandates, and took a hands-off approach to vaccination distribution. American Oversight is investigating Florida officials’ mishandling of the coronavirus crisis, which has cost more than 30,000 lives in the state. 

From the start, Florida was uniquely susceptible to a Covid-19 outbreak. One in five Floridians is older than 65, an age group that is at great risk for contracting severe Covid-19. More than 40 percent of the state’s residents are Black or Latino, groups that have experienced disproportionately high rates of infection. But Gov. Ron DeSantis adopted a hands-off approach that critics have said aligns with a “herd immunity” strategy that would allow the virus to run through communities unchecked. 

In April, DeSantis issued a sweeping stay-at-home order that ended just a month later, leading to Florida reopening far sooner than other states. At the time, less than 2 percent of the state’s population had been tested for the virus, and testing was still unavailable in many workplaces and rural communities. The governor had created a reopening task force in April, but the group only met twice and did not even create written recommendations. When he began reopening in May, he announced that Florida would follow White House guidelines.  

By June, the state was reporting record-high numbers of cases, with thousands of new cases every day. Although he acknowledged the disease was spreading through Florida communities, DeSantis told reporters, “We’re not rolling back.” He refused to instate a mask mandate, and when Florida’s surgeon general finally recommended that residents wear masks on June 202, the recommendation came with no enforcement strategy and no penalties. In July, the state broke the nationwide record for most reported cases in a single day.

Without an organized state response, cases continued to rise over the continuing months. In November, as Florida approached 1 million Covid-19 cases and other states opted to impose mask mandates or stay-at-home orders, DeSantis again chose not to implement any statewide restrictions. He said the state would never again implement lockdowns, and allowed bars, restaurants, and theaters to remain open and operate at full capacity. 

DeSantis’ inert approach also extended to Florida’s vaccine rollout, which was marked by confusion and contradictory policies. On one occasion, the governor spread misinformation when he urged elderly residents to register for vaccinations — even though health officials had not yet opened up vaccinations to this group. Once elderly residents became eligible, hundreds were turned away after they camped and waited for hours in an attempt to get the vaccine. 

At the same time, wealthy people were able to jump ahead in line. In January, assisted living facility MorseLife Health System steered vaccines to wealthy donors and board members, and possibly even their personal connections. In Hernando County, health department officials offered vaccine doses to a wealthy gated community while ignoring calls from other residents. Wealthy South Americans vacationing in the state were also able to receive initial doses, as the state has no residency requirements. 

Amid this crisis, DeSantis and his office repeatedly obstructed information sharing. For months, DeSantis refused to make the White House Coronavirus Task Force’s Florida reports public. When they were released by the Center for Public Integrity, the reports showed the task force had urged state leaders to increase mitigation efforts to slow the virus’ spread at the same time DeSantis was publicly saying there was no need for business restrictions. The state has also refused to disclose what factors are used to determine whether a death was from Covid-19 and hasn’t explained missing gaps in public Covid-19 data. In May 2020, a data scientist from the state’s health department was fired for what she said was her refusal to manipulate data; in December, her home was raided by armed police.

American Oversight is investigating Florida state officials’ handling of the pandemic, and has requested DeSantis’ calendars and communications. We have filed public records requests to Florida’s Agency for Health Care Administration, the Department of Health, and the Governor’s Office seeking communications related to the Covid-19 pandemic. Additionally, we’ve filed county-specific requests in Orlando, Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami-Dade, seeking communications between state and county officials.

En Español

Updates

In the Documents: The Pandemic in Florida GEO Group Prisons

July 28, 2021
New documents reveal how the private prison contractor reacted to the pandemic in its early days last spring

Covid-19 Oversight News: Cases Rise, New Documents Show Conditions in ICE Detention Centers

July 19, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Vaccinations Fall Along Partisan Lines, New CDC Guidance on Schools

July 12, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

News Roundup: What We Already Know About the Arizona ‘Audit’

July 1, 2021
It's already clear that any "findings" from the partisan operation will be dubious at best.

In the Documents: Early Covid-19 Testing Struggles in Florida

July 1, 2021
American Oversight has obtained records regarding the country's limited testing supply in March 2020 and its impact on Florida health officials' response.

Covid-19 Oversight News: The Pandemic in Nursing Homes, Relief for Renters, and Cases Among Secret Service Officers

June 28, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Slowing Vaccine Rates, New Coronavirus Variant, and Emergent BioSolutions’ Big Year

June 21, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Airborne Transmission, Vaccine Patents, and State Strategies to Incentivize Vaccinations

May 10, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Vaccinations Drop, ICE Facilities Spread the Virus, and Trump Administration Misconduct

April 26, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Vaccines in Prisons, the Pandemic in Florida, and Oversight in Congress

March 22, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Documents Show Early 2020 Coronavirus Data-Tracking Disconnect Between Florida Health Department and CDC

March 17, 2021
The records obtained by American Oversight show that for at least a month in the spring of 2020, Florida officials resisted using the CDC’s system to track Covid-19 data.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Vaccine Inequity, Super Bowl Parties, and CARES Act Oversight

February 8, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

Investigations Update: The Attack on the Capitol, Georgia U.S. Attorney’s Resignation, and White House Meeting with State Attorneys General

January 13, 2021
Summary: See the latest in our investigations of the violent attack on the U.S. Capitol, the resignation of U.S. Attorney Byung J. Pak, and states’ responses to the pandemic.

Covid-19 Oversight News: Covid-19 at the Capitol and Vaccine Confusion in the States

January 11, 2021
For the latest news on the pandemic, as well as updates on various oversight investigations, sign up for our weekly Covid-19 Oversight News email.

News Roundup: Protecting the Right to Vote During a Pandemic

May 1, 2020
Like many things in today’s politics, mail-in voting has become a political flashpoint as the November election gets closer.

News Roundup: Miracle Drugs and Trump’s Alternate Reality

April 24, 2020
Trump has seemingly failed to learn that no amount of political spin can minimize his administration’s mismanaged pandemic response.

News Roundup: Who Stands to Gain?

April 17, 2020
As the administration’s tragically mismanaged response to the coronavirus continues to lurch onward, the answers to that question are more important than ever.
Show all updates

Related Documents

April 30, 2021

Florida’s Division of Emergency Management Emails Sent to Federal Officials Containing Covid-19 Key Terms

Florida Division of Emergency Management
Agency Record
March 18, 2021

Records Request to Florida Department of Health Regarding Covid-19 Vaccine Distribution to Wealthy and Politically Connected Communities

Florida Department of Health
FOIA Request
March 18, 2021

Records Request to Governor of Florida Regarding Covid-19 Vaccine Distribution to Wealthy and Politically Connected Communities

Florida Office of the Governor
FOIA Request
July 28, 2020

Orlando, Fla., Records Regarding Guidance from State Officials on Processing Records Requests About Covid-19

Florida - Orlando City
Agency Record
May 27, 2020

No Records Response from the Kentucky State Board of Elections Regarding Members’ Communications Concerning Vote by Mail and Covid-19

Kentucky State Board of Elections
Agency Reply
May 14, 2020

Rejection from Fla. DOC Regarding Coronavirus Testing and Fatality Data

Florida Department of Corrections
Agency Reply
April 29, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida Department of Economic Opportunity Regarding Unemployment Website Crashes

Florida Department of Economic Opportunity
FOIA Request
April 28, 2020

Public Records Request to Orlando’s City Clerk’s Office Seeking Records Related to Any Guidance from State Officials on Processing Requests for Coronavirus Records

Florida - Orlando City
FOIA Request
April 28, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida’s Division of Emergency Management Seeking Records Related to Any Guidance from State Officials on Processing Requests for Coronavirus Records

Florida Division of Emergency Management
FOIA Request
April 28, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida’s Department of Corrections Seeking Records Related to Any Guidance from State Officials on Processing Requests for Coronavirus Records

Florida Department of Corrections
FOIA Request
April 28, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida’s Agency for Health Care Administration Seeking Records Related to Any Guidance from State Officials on Processing Requests for Coronavirus Records

Florida Agency for Health Care Administration
FOIA Request
April 23, 2020

Open Records Request to the Kentucky State Board of Elections for Communications Regarding Vote by Mail Considerations Due to COVID-19

Kentucky State Board of Elections
FOIA Request
April 23, 2020

Open Records Requests to the Wisconsin Elections Commission for Communications Regarding Vote by Mail Considerations Due to COVID-19

Wisconsin Elections Commission
FOIA Request
April 22, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida DMS Seeking Emails with Private Prison Contractors Regarding Coronavirus

Florida Department of Management Services
FOIA Request
April 21, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida DOC Seeking Emails with Governor’s Office and Others Regarding Coronavirus

Florida Department of Corrections
FOIA Request
April 21, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida DOC Seeking Emails with Private Contractors Regarding Coronavirus

Florida Department of Corrections
FOIA Request
April 21, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida DOC Seeking Coronavirus Testing and Fatality Data

Florida Department of Corrections
FOIA Request
April 21, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida DOC Seeking Coronavirus Guidance and Assessments

Florida Department of Corrections
FOIA Request
April 14, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida Division of Emergency Management Seeking Emails Related to the Spread of Coronavirus

Florida Division of Emergency Management
FOIA Request
April 14, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida AHCA Seeking Emails Related to the Spread of Coronavirus

Florida Agency for Health Care Administration
FOIA Request
April 13, 2020

Emails from Florida AHCA Regarding Coronavirus Testing

Florida Agency for Health Care Administration
Agency Record
March 25, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida Division of Emergency Management Seeking Emails with Federal Officials Related to the Coronavirus Emergency

Florida Division of Emergency Management
FOIA Request
March 25, 2020

Public Records Request to Florida AHCA Seeking Emails with Federal Officials Related to the Coronavirus Emergency

Florida Agency for Health Care Administration
FOIA Request